Most people engage in crime at some point in their lives, but why does almost everybody stop soon after? And, why do a small number of offenders persist in crime? These two questions constitute the core of the field often known as life-course criminology. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to life-course criminology. It covers the dominant theories and methodologies in the field and equips you with all you need to succeed in your studies on the subject. The book: • Discusses the methodologies of life-course and longitudinal research • Explains and critiques the major theories of life-course criminology • Considers the issues of risk, prediction, onset, persistence and desistance of criminal activity • Draws on research from studies in Europe, the UK, US and Australia, including the Stockholm Life-Course Project Written by two leading figures in the field, this is an authoritative text that will guide you through your studies in life-course criminology, criminal career research, and developmental criminology.
Chapter 5: Risk And Prediction of Criminal Careers
Risk And Prediction of Criminal Careers
Now we start the clock. Beginning in this chapter, we move through the different stages of the criminal career. Here is a good place to remind the reader that while these chapters are written to stand for themselves, they are also more than the sum of their parts: to get a sense of the sequentiality of crime and the life course – how each stage is contingent on the one that precedes it and unfolds toward and into the future – it may be beneficial to read them in sequence.
As we start the clock, we do so at the very beginning: with the phenomenon and concept of risk, and risk factors. We begin ...