Most people engage in crime at some point in their lives, but why does almost everybody stop soon after? And, why do a small number of offenders persist in crime? These two questions constitute the core of the field often known as life-course criminology. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to life-course criminology. It covers the dominant theories and methodologies in the field and equips you with all you need to succeed in your studies on the subject. The book: • Discusses the methodologies of life-course and longitudinal research • Explains and critiques the major theories of life-course criminology • Considers the issues of risk, prediction, onset, persistence and desistance of criminal activity • Draws on research from studies in Europe, the UK, US and Australia, including the Stockholm Life-Course Project Written by two leading figures in the field, this is an authoritative text that will guide you through your studies in life-course criminology, criminal career research, and developmental criminology.
Chapter 3: Life-Course Theories of Crime and Deviance
Life-Course Theories of Crime and Deviance
In the early stages of criminal career research, the field was dominated by a focus on empirical findings and their policy implications. Theoretical developments of crime and the life course lagged behind. From the early 1990s and onward, however, this changed considerably as a breadth of life-course theories of crime and deviance emerged in the field, incorporating various elements from the traditions of developmental psychology, life-course sociology, and criminological theory. Today, these criminological theories are among the most influential theories within the discipline as a whole. In this chapter we go through a number of these theories and we do so in some detail. Instead of giving a schematic, brief description of each ...