This is a primary, comprehensive textbook for people who are considering undertaking a piece of health-related research. It is an accessible companion with the aim of getting the reader to think broadly about all of the issues that need to be considered when embarking on a project. This is a pragmatic book, a step-by-step guide to research which mirrors the structure of a research project, taking you through the thought process for designing and conducting your study from formulating the right research question at idea inception, ascertaining what methodologies and analysis can answer what type of questions, right through to dissemination, all presented in an easy, digestible style. The book is full of case study illustrations and practical tips such as how to work out a research budget and obtaining funding for your project, discussion of what permissions need to obtained when conducting research with people, and how to involve public and patients. The authors are all experienced researchers and so this book is an accumulation of collective wisdom on common research challenges and issues.
Chapter 9: Health Economics
- To understand the importance of health economics, and the principles and methods of cost-effectiveness analysis
- To be aware of issues relating to the design and conduct of studies to support economic analysis
- To know how to select and measure appropriate health outcomes, resource use and cost data
Expenditure on the health care sector is massive. In 2006, total spending on health care in the UK was £120bn, which represents 9.4% of the UK's gross domestic product (GDP) (Griffin, 2007). GDP is the market value of all products of a country, both goods and services, within a given period of time (usually a year), and is often used as an indicator of the country's standard of living. Health care expenditure ...