A comprehensive introduction to green criminology, this book is a discussion of the relationship between mainstream criminal justice and green crimes. Focused on environmental harm within the context of criminal justice this book takes a global perspective and  • Introduces students to different theoretical perspectives in green criminology  • Looks at the victims of environmental crime throughout  • Covers topics such as; wildlife crimes, animal abuse, the causes of environmental crime, regulation, exploitation, environmental activism, policing, prosecution and monitoring. Designed to help readers develop a thorough understanding of the principles of environmental justice and green criminology, as well as contemporary developments, this book will be excellent support to student of green criminology and environmental crime.

the causes of environmental crime and criminality

the causes of environmental crime and criminality

By the end of this chapter you should:

  • Understand the varied nature of environmental criminality and its causes.
  • Have a firm understanding of the key theories that explain environmental offending and the contexts in which they can and should be applied.
  • Understand key debates concerning environmental criminality and its causes.
  • Understand key debates on environmental offending as deliberate, accidental or unintended and on non-compliance as a form of entrepreneurship.
  • Understand the distinction between criminality and regulatory or technical breaches and how behaviour that infringes different types of legislation are viewed.


This chapter discusses the causes of environmental criminality by examining key debates concerning the reasons why environmental crimes occur, as well as theoretical discussions on environmental offending. ...

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