“This book should be made a part of any college level library that features holdings in social sciences. … Americans View Crime and Justice presents a national public opinion survey and its results on the issues. These edited results of a survey conducted in 1995 examine such issues as gun control, capital punishment, and juvenile crime, offering public opinion along with the analyses of a panel of criminologists.” –The Midwest Book Review Readable and carefully edited, Americans View Crime and Justice reports and analyzes results from the recent National Crime and Justice Survey (NCJS), the richest and most wide-ranging investigation of public opinion on crime and justice issues in more than a decade. Conducted in June 1995, the survey features responses from 1,000 adults in the United States on now-volatile issues such as fear of crime, gun control, capital punishment, juvenile crime, and additional related topics of national concern. A distinguished panel of criminologists analyzes the collected data in this volume to present a comprehensive report on the development and current status of public opinion on these timely issues. Divided into three sectionscontext and framework; findings; and opinion, policy, and science—this authoritative volume also analyzes the implications of the survey data. Providing interesting insights and timely quantification of Americans' view of crime and justice, this volume offers a unique view of public opinion particularly important to the work of researchers, law enforcement personnel, policy makers, public officials, and students of criminology and criminal justice, law, and political science.
Chapter 9: The Modern Plague: Controlling Substance Abuse
The Modern Plague: Controlling Substance Abuse
The scientific evidence is strong regarding the negative health and societal effects associated with alcohol, illicit drug use, and cigarette smoking. This accumulation of scientific evidence, combined with government policies that target drug users and a general decline in the public's perception of their safety, has sustained public concern about illegal drug use during the 1980s and 1990s. Public concern over substance abuse has been reflected in the results of numerous opinion
There is considerable public support for controlling substance abuse, but crime and drugs did not emerge as one of the “most important national problems” among opinion poll lists until the 1960s (Beckett, 1994; Erskine, 1974; Smith, 1980). The first government-sponsored national opinion survey ...