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Chapter 14: Educational Reform under Republicans and Democrats
From the 1980s onward, American presidents became more consistently involved in educational policy than ever before (Spring, 1997). A large part of this involvement emerged from the rising degree of public criticism of public education during the late 1960s and the 1970s (Cooperman, 1985).
During the period beginning in 1981, both Democrats and Republicans proposed a number of reforms to improve the educational outcomes of American students (Spring, 1997). In this chapter, we focus on three reforms each by the Democratic and Republican presidents that emerged during this period. For both political parties, of these three reforms, one was clearly successful and the other two were more controversial.
The Republicans initiated three noteworthy programs: the Back ...