Alternative Journalism is the first book to investigate and analyse the diverse forms and genres of journalism that have arisen as challenges to mainstream news coverage. From the radical content of emancipatory media to the dizzying range of citizen journalist blogs and fanzine subcultures, this book charts the historical and cultural practices of this diverse and globalized phenomenon. This exploration goes to the heart of journalism itself, prompting a critical inquiry into the epistemology of news, the professional norms of objectivity, the elite basis of journalism and the hierarchical commerce of news production. In investigating the challenges to media power presented by alternative journalism, this book addresses not just the issues of politics and empowerment but also that of the journalism of popular culture and the everyday. The result is essential reading for students of journalism - both mainstream and alternative.
Chapter 6: Alternative Journalism in the World: A Comparative Survey
Alternative Journalism in the World: A Comparative Survey
To attempt international comparisons across the range of alternative journalism projects raises two major problems. First, there is the problem of history: when do we begin our survey? Do we cover the past 20 years, 100 years or even longer? Even a survey covering mere decades will, in a chapter of this length, be no more than general. Second, there is the problem of points of comparison. As we have already seen in Chapter 3, on social demographics, published studies of alternative journalism projects vary greatly in their emphases; some focus on organization, others on ideology. Some examine broad social and political aims, others specific practices and products. Very rarely ...