Alternative Journalism is the first book to investigate and analyse the diverse forms and genres of journalism that have arisen as challenges to mainstream news coverage. From the radical content of emancipatory media to the dizzying range of citizen journalist blogs and fanzine subcultures, this book charts the historical and cultural practices of this diverse and globalized phenomenon. This exploration goes to the heart of journalism itself, prompting a critical inquiry into the epistemology of news, the professional norms of objectivity, the elite basis of journalism and the hierarchical commerce of news production. In investigating the challenges to media power presented by alternative journalism, this book addresses not just the issues of politics and empowerment but also that of the journalism of popular culture and the everyday. The result is essential reading for students of journalism - both mainstream and alternative.
Chapter 2: Political-Economic Pressures That Shape Alternative Journalism
Political-Economic Pressures That Shape Alternative Journalism
The discussion in the previous chapter argued for the historicity and contextual determination of alternative journalism. The formation of alternative journalism was not due simply to the isolated actions of individuals, although a number of biographies document what can legitimately be considered heroic struggles in the face of severe repression. Yet even these episodes were and are determined by larger-scale developments that produced the conditions for such struggle in the first place. Similarly it should also be clear from the preceding discussion that the emergence of alternative journalism has been no simple, linear account of progress or decline, but a complex series of instances in changing contexts, each with its own specific limits, pressures ...