The Third Edition of this popular and widely-used text provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of aging, exploring the key behavioral and social science theories, concepts, and methods.

This new edition of Ageing in Society has been extensively rewritten and reflects new trends in European gerontology, incorporating recent developments in theory and research from international and interdisciplinary perspectives. The book is in two sections. In the first, contributors provide an overview of key issues in the study of biological, psychological, and social aging. The second section critically examines interdisciplinary perspectives on health, social protection, work and retirement, social relations, environments, cultural images of aging, cognitive aging, and the management of individual lifestyles.

Ageing in Society was developed by the British Society of Gerontology to fulfill the need for an authoritative introduction to social gerontology. As such, it is an ideal resource for students and lecturers in the social and behavioral sciences throughout the UK and Europe, as well as for students and practitioners in health and social care.

Social Protection: Incomes, Poverty and the Reform of Pension Systems

Social protection: Incomes, poverty and the reform of pension systems
GerhardNaegele and AlanWalker


This chapter concentrates on older people's material circumstances and the role of pension systems in providing incomes in old age. Our focus is primarily on the member states of the European Union (EU) and, due to the lack of data available on the ten new member states that joined the EU on 1 May 2004, in practice this means the 15 countries that comprised the EU prior to that date. First of all we provide a typology of the different approaches to social policy, or ‘welfare regimes’, in the EU and how those impact on older people. Then we focus on the evidence about ...

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