In the context of growing diversity, Shirley A. Hill examines the work parents do in raising their children. Based on interviews and survey data, African American Children includes blacks of various social classes as well as a comparative sample of whites. It covers major areas of child socialization: teaching values, discipline strategies, gender socialization, racial socialization, extended families -- showing how both race and class make a difference, and emphasizing patterns that challenge existing research that views black families as a monolithic group.

Caste, Class, and Culture

Caste, class, and culture

The vestiges of the African heritage, the experiences of slavery, the mixture of cultures, the long shadow of the plantation, the transition to Northern urban communities, the persistence of racism, the impact of the civil rights movement and the public policy initiatives it produced… can be seen to play important roles in an understanding of contemporary Afro-American family patterns.

AndrewBillingsley, Black Families in White America (1968/1988, p. xiii)

Slavery, caste, and class are distinct social stratification systems, often undergirded by differing political ideologies, yet they existed simultaneously in preindustrial American society. The institutionalization of slavery during the 1600s was motivated by the need to establish a cheap pool of agricultural workers. After efforts to enslave poor whites and Native Americans ...

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