This book describes an advanced generalist approach to direct social work practice with individuals, couples, families, and groups. Intervention paradigms that include psychodynamic, cognitive/behavioral/communications, experiential/humanistic, existential and transpersonal are presented as the four sources of social work.
Chapter 10: Cognitive/Behavioral/Communications Paradigm
Focus. In general, these models focus on changing the way clients think and/or act. The focus is on reducing unwanted symptoms and replacing them with more desirable thoughts and actions.
Developmental dimensions. Emphasis is upon cognitive development (modifying thinking) and social development (developing new social skills).
View of health. The client uses realistic thinking and has functional behaviors.
View of pathology. The client learned dysfunctional (maladaptive) patterns of thinking and acting.
Goal. The goal is developing more functional cognitive and behavioral change in the here and now.
Art and science. There is a relatively well-established empirical base. Cognitive and behavioral methods have been studied frequently and have been shown to produce changes in thinking and behaving, respectively, although the relative long-term generalizability and maintenance of these ...