These stimulating companion volumes reflect an expansion of the coverage of Wrightsman's earlier book Personality Development in Adulthood. They encourage readers to look at the evolving nature of their own lives, and include case studies throughout to illustrate concepts in a thought-provoking, non-technical manner.
Chapter 3: Cognitive Abilities during Adulthood
Cognitive Abilities during Adulthood
Aging need not silence outstanding creativity in the last years.
Daniel Levinson, Roger Gould, and other personality theorists who have concentrated on adulthood concluded that changes take place in the mid-lives of some of us, leading to less commitment to a vocation or even to a shift to another type of career. According to these theorists, the driving force to succeed—characteristic of the 20s and early 30s—diminishes, or is replaced by other motives.
Do changes in mental abilities interact with or even cause these hypothesized changes in vocational orientation? Stereotypes abound about the loss of memory and other cognitive skills in the elderly; for some, creativity is the prerogative solely of youth (Simonton, 1990). Such reactions are much ...