Adult Personality Development: Applications

Books

Lawrence S. Wrightsman

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  • Back Matter
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  • Dedication

    To Allan and Karen

    Copyright

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    Preface

    The publication of the original version of Personality Development in Adulthood in 1988 reflected my long-standing interest in the ways that personality characteristics form and change. That book was organized into 12 chapters, with the first half presenting different theories as explanations, and the second half applying these theories to different aspects of adulthood.

    In the intervening years my own quest for understanding this phenomenon has led me to further reading and study. I have benefited from participating in workshops led by Daniel J. Levinson and by James Birren, and I have taught a course on this topic several times.

    This book and its companion volume (Adult Personality Development, Volume 1: Theories and Concepts) reflect an expansion of the coverage of the initial book. The structure has been maintained but the coverage has been doubled, through the addition of examples as well as more recent findings. The luxury of a greater length has permitted me to explore new topics, including the use of biographies and case studies; increased attention is devoted to creativity in adulthood, to learning and memory, to marriage stability, and to other topics.

    A major goal has been to provide a readable survey of ideas and findings on different manifestations of personality development during adulthood. The book is selective, not exhaustive; the proliferation of material since the renewed interest in midlife in the mid-1970s prevents complete coverage. In my desire to stimulate thought, I have used a wide variety of sources: scholarly articles and books, but also newspaper and magazine articles and selections from autobiographies and biographies. The number of new references exceeds the number retained from the earlier book.

    This book, along with the companion volume, may provide the focus for a Psychology of Adulthood course that encourages students to look at the evolving nature of their own lives. Particular attention has been given to developing an extensive set of references (almost 700 in this volume) as an aid to scholars.

    Of all the books I have completed, this one and its companion volume are the most personal, in the sense that they reflect my mission as a psychologist and an educator to help others learn about themselves, while I learn about myself in the process. It has been a pleasure to write, and I hope it is a pleasure to read.

    Lawrence S.Wrightsman

    Acknowledgments

    More than most books in the field, perhaps, this is a book of ideas. My role has been to transmit the ideas of others, and thus my first acknowledgment is to those psychologists, educators, philosophers, and writers whose thoughts I have reproduced in this book. On many occasions I have quoted them at length, because the topic of personality development is one in which the content of ideas cannot be separated from the style of expression and the values behind the ideas expressed.

    The staff at Sage Publications has given me unconditional support in my desire to reframe my earlier work in an expanded, updated version. It is a pleasure to work with a congenial staff in achieving a goal we all share.

    Preparation of this book was also facilitated by the efforts of Tamara Bryan, who tracked down elusive references, and Katia Silva, whose word processor provided a magic transformation of my messy manuscript.

    To all, my appreciation.

    Lawrence S.Wrightsman
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    Author Index

    About the Author

    Lawrence S. Wrightsman (Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1959) is Professor of Psychology at the University of Kansas, Lawrence. Trained as a social psychologist, he has maintained a career-long interest in individual differences in personality and social behavior. He is one of the editors (with John P. Robinson and Phillip R. Shaver) of Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Attitudes. His presidential address to the Society of Personality and Social Psychology dealt with the use of personal documents in testing theories of personality development in adulthood. He is the author or editor of 18 books.


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