This book summarizes and integrates theory and research on adolescents from a diversity of ethnic, economic, and geographic contexts. The book aims to present a more balanced picture of these understudied and misunderstood adolescents by focusing on positive, healthy development.
Chapter 2: Competence among Urban Adolescents in Poverty: Multiple Forms, Contexts, and Developmental Processes
Competence among Urban Adolescents in Poverty: Multiple Forms, Contexts, and Developmental Processes
Where do American adolescents in poverty live? Census data suggest that the majority live in cities: In 1993, 77% of poor children and adolescents lived in metropolitan areas, and 45% lived in central city areas (U.S. Census Bureau, 1995). Furthermore, these data show that poverty rates of children and adolescents in 1993 were far higher in central city areas than in the nation as a whole (34% vs. 23%, respectively). When comparing near-poverty rates (i.e., less than 150% of the federal poverty threshold), which many poverty researchers consider a more accurate threshold, the comparison is just as striking (47% vs. 34%, respectively; ...