Activist Scholar highlights Professor Gittell’s writings on community organizations, citizen participation, urban politics, the politics of education, and gender. She specialized in applied and comparative research on local, regional, national, and international policies and politics, and placed a high priority on training researchers and scholars. Marilyn Gittell was a mentor to hundreds of students in the City University of New York system, and her legacy of activism continues as her students, now on the faculties of universities across the nation, engage in important work globally.
Chapter 3: School Reform in New York and Chicago: Revisiting the Ecology of Local Games
School Reform in New York and Chicago: Revisiting the Ecology of Local Games
For two decades, studies of power in American cities have focused on the issue of economic growth. Macro economic analysis was substituted for micro political and policy analysis, and cities, not un expectantly, were characterized as dependent with little or no control over their own destinies. This was, in part, a consequence of the very narrow definition of economic growth, which excluded human-capital outcomes. City economic elites, according to these analyses, reigned unchallenged in their growth management of cities. In addition, national and international economic policies of capital formation predetermined the important economic outcomes in cities, particularly the decline in ...