Activist Scholar highlights Professor Gittell’s writings on community organizations, citizen participation, urban politics, the politics of education, and gender. She specialized in applied and comparative research on local, regional, national, and international policies and politics, and placed a high priority on training researchers and scholars. Marilyn Gittell was a mentor to hundreds of students in the City University of New York system, and her legacy of activism continues as her students, now on the faculties of universities across the nation, engage in important work globally.
Chapter 11: The Gender Gap: Coalescing for Power
The Gender Gap: Coalescing for Power
In the 1980s, two major historical landmarks were reached: Women for the first time comprised almost half the labor force and almost half of the voters. Differential political attitudes and voting behavior of women as compared to men, strongly evident in the 1980s, have been characterized as a “gender gap.”1 In fact, however, the “gender gap” is not a new phenomenon. For as long as gender has been distinguished in opinion research, social scientists have identified significant differences in political attitudes between men and women. Women are more antiwar and less likely to support an aggressive foreign policy. Women are less prejudiced, more sensitive to racism, more concerned with social and ...