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Activist Scholar highlights Professor Gittell’s writings on community organizations, citizen participation, urban politics, the politics of education, and gender. She specialized in applied and comparative research on local, regional, national, and international policies and politics, and placed a high priority on training researchers and scholars. Marilyn Gittell was a mentor to hundreds of students in the City University of New York system, and her legacy of activism continues as her students, now on the faculties of universities across the nation, engage in important work globally.

Activist Women: Conflicting Ideologies
Activist women: Conflicting ideologies
MarilynGittell and Nancy A.Naples

Political strategies in American society often highlight ethnic and racial divisions, and therefore mask the dynamics of class as a factor in the society. Political machines as well as reform politics have maintained these divisions, which have been affirmed in turn by immigration and residential patterns. Leaders of the Black civilrights movement were able to connect the issues of class and race, demonstrating the significance of Black over-representation in the “underclass.” although the debate continues as to which is the primary form of oppression—race or class.

In contrast, the women's movement did not have a similar way of understanding how race and class factors interact with sex. The emphasis on single-issue politics in the 1970s led ...

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