This volume presents the reader with a stimulating rich tapestry of essays exploring the nature of action and intentionality, and discussing their role in human development. As the contributions make clear, action is an integrative concept that forms the bridge between our psychological, biological, and sociocultural worlds. Action is also integrative in the sense of entailing motivational, emotional, and cognitive systems, and this integration too is well represented in the chapters. Action is defined, and distinguished from behavior, according to its intentional quality. Thus, a constantly recurring theme in the volume involves the dialectic of action-intentionality, and specifically the questions of how and when these concepts are to be distinguished.

The Pursuit of Personal Goals: A Motivational Approach to Well-Being and Life Adjustment

The Pursuit of Personal Goals: A Motivational Approach to Well-Being and Life Adjustment
The pursuit of personal goals: A motivational approach to well-being and life adjustment
Joachim C.Brunstein
Oliver C.Schultheiss
Günter W.Maier

Among personality researchers and social psychologists, there has been a resurgence of interest in the purposive, goal-seeking quality of human behavior in recent years (see Gollwitzer & Bargh, 1996; Martin & Tesser, 1996; Pervin, 1989). At the same time, as this volume clearly shows, developmental psychologists have started to focus on the course of human development from an action perspective, highlighting the importance of motivational concerns and life plans as they emerge from and shape the nature of person-environment transactions over the life span (see Brandtstädter, 1998). Inherent in this reawakened interest in the intentionality of

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