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This volume presents the reader with a stimulating rich tapestry of essays exploring the nature of action and intentionality, and discussing their role in human development. As the contributions make clear, action is an integrative concept that forms the bridge between our psychological, biological, and sociocultural worlds. Action is also integrative in the sense of entailing motivational, emotional, and cognitive systems, and this integration too is well represented in the chapters. Action is defined, and distinguished from behavior, according to its intentional quality. Thus, a constantly recurring theme in the volume involves the dialectic of action-intentionality, and specifically the questions of how and when these concepts are to be distinguished.

Emotional Learning and Mechanisms of Intentional Psychological Change
Emotional learning and mechanisms of intentional psychological change
Karen S.Quigley
Lisa FeldmanBarrett

Appraisal theory is currently one of the most influential psychological theories of emotion (Parkinson, 1997). According to most versions of appraisal theory, emotional experience stems from an evaluative interaction between person and environment. An individual evaluates or appraises the qualities of an object, person, or event and an emotional experience results. Lazarus (1968, 1991, 1993; Lazarus & Folkman, 1984) has presented a comprehensive appraisal theory of emotion based on a central tenet: One must consider both environmental presses and attempts to cope with those presses to understand fully the nature and intensity of emotional experience. Primary appraisal refers to the individual's evaluation of whether a situation has relevance ...

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