This volume presents the reader with a stimulating rich tapestry of essays exploring the nature of action and intentionality, and discussing their role in human development. As the contributions make clear, action is an integrative concept that forms the bridge between our psychological, biological, and sociocultural worlds. Action is also integrative in the sense of entailing motivational, emotional, and cognitive systems, and this integration too is well represented in the chapters. Action is defined, and distinguished from behavior, according to its intentional quality. Thus, a constantly recurring theme in the volume involves the dialectic of action-intentionality, and specifically the questions of how and when these concepts are to be distinguished.
Chapter 14: Successful Development and Aging: The Role of Selection, Optimization, and Compensation
Successful Development and Aging: The Role of Selection, Optimization, and Compensation
Most people would probably like to lead satisfying, fulfilling lives well into old age. Psychology has long been concerned with finding answers to the question of how people achieve and maintain a feeling of being satisfied and happy with their lives. What are the factors and processes that contribute to successful development and aging? We propose that three fundamental processes of developmental regulation are essential for successful development in general and successful aging in particular: selection, optimization, and compensation (the SOC model; M. Baltes & Carstensen, 1996, 1998; P. Baltes, 1997; P. Baltes & M. Baltes, 1980, 1990; P. Baltes, ...