By now it’s a given: if we’re to help our ELLs and SELs access the rigorous demands of today’s content standards, we must cultivate the “code” that drives school success: academic language. Look no further for assistance than this much-anticipated series from Ivannia Soto, in which she invites field authorities Jeff Zwiers, David and Yvonne Freeman, Margarita Calderon, and Noma LeMoine to share every teacher’s need-to-know strategies on the four essential components of academic language. The subject of this volume is grammar and syntax. Here, David and Yvonne Freeman shatter the myth that academic language is all about vocabulary, revealing how grammar and syntax inform our students’ grasp of challenging text. With this book as your roadmap, you’ll learn how to: • Teach grammar in the context of students’ speech and writing • Use strategies such as sentence frames, passives, combining simple sentences into more complex sentences, and nominalization to create more complex noun phrases • Assess academic language development through a four-step process Look inside and discover the tools you need to help students master more sophisticated and complex grammatical and syntactical structures right away. Better yet, read all four volumes in the series and put in place a start-to-finish instructional plan for closing the achievement gap.
Chapter Three: Practical Application to the Classroom for Grammar and Syntax
Practical Application to the Classroom for Grammar and Syntax
Teaching Grammar in Context
Teachers who teach grammar in the context of students’ writing and speech (Weaver, 1996) build on the tradition of the early studies in rhetoric. When instruction applies directly to student writing, it helps them produce more effective pieces. Students need many opportunities for meaningful writing, and when they have produced a good piece of writing, they are motivated to edit it to ensure that the grammar and syntax are conventional. Students can also be shown how to enhance the rhetorical effects of their writing through careful organization and choice of examples.
Using Sentence Frames
An example from an elementary class shows how a teacher helped her ...