Ability Grouping in Education provides an overview of ability grouping in education. The authors consider selective schooling and ability grouping within schools, such as streaming, banding setting and within-class grouping.
Issues and Context
Selection and ability grouping are issues that arouse strong feelings. They have been hotly debated for over a century. Ability grouping is a thorny issue, tied to fundamental, often conflicting, ideological positions. These are reflected in strong differences of opinion about the merits of selective schooling, which have kept debate alive throughout the twentieth and into the twenty-first centuries. Those against selection argue that it denies equality of educational opportunity to many young people, limiting their life chances and increasing social exclusion. Those in favour argue that selection enables teaching to be more effectively geared for pupils of differing abilities, allowing the most able to reach the highest standards.
Ability grouping appears to offer a simple, rational response to the problem ...