A core text on the philosophy and theory of geography A module like philosophy/theory/history of geography is compulsory in most undergraduate degree programmes. Although the focus in these modules is usually on Human Geography, students of Physical Geography and Environmental Geography also have to take these modules. As well as providing an overview of the ideas The Foundations of Geographic Enquiry is written to be specifically accessible to – and used by – Human Geographers and Physical Geographers.

Complexity Theory: From Butterfly Wings to Fairy Rings

Complexity theory: From butterfly wings to fairy rings

At the estuary of the River Erme in south Devon (UK), low tide reveals the expanses of sand each side of the river known as Coastguard's Beach (Mothecombe) and Wonwell Beach. Venture onto the sand and you are quite likely to find yourself stepping among an expanse of ripples (Figure 8.1). Each runs roughly parallel to the next, individual ripples occasionally breaking into two, or two merging back into one. The resulting pattern is not dissimilar from the stripes on a zebra. We may know much about the mechanics of entrainment, transport and deposition of an individual sand grain, but such understanding would never lead us to predict the ...

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