A core text on the philosophy and theory of geography A module like philosophy/theory/history of geography is compulsory in most undergraduate degree programmes. Although the focus in these modules is usually on Human Geography, students of Physical Geography and Environmental Geography also have to take these modules. As well as providing an overview of the ideas The Foundations of Geographic Enquiry is written to be specifically accessible to – and used by – Human Geographers and Physical Geographers.
Chapter 2: Positivism: Or, Roughly, What You See is the Knowledge You Get
Positivism: Or, Roughly, What You See is the Knowledge You Get
Introduction: Geography and ‘Science’
The set of philosophical ideas known as positivism has long been associated with ‘scientific’ geography, and has been a focus for much debate in the discipline. Geography has a rather uneasy relationship with science. For a start, geographers are not all the same. A geomorphologist working on the dynamics of sediment movement in periglacial environments may be in no doubt that their research falls within the domain of science. A cultural geographer studying film festivals may specifically not identify with ‘science’, and yet still refer to human geography as a social science subject. So it is not really clear ...