A Short Introduction to Psychotherapy is an accessible guide to the field for anyone embarking on training or simply interested in finding out more about psychotherapy. Mapping the development and dimensions of contemporary practice, the book explores the origins of psychotherapy; its applications in terms of modalities, settings and client populations; central theoretical concepts; the nature of training and career paths for qualified practitioners; and main critiques, both from within and outside psychotherapy. A team of well-known and highly-regarded contributors examine issues which have particular bearing on psychotherapy today.
Chapter 5: Psychotherapy in the NHS
Psychotherapy in the NHS
The State of the Nation's Mental Health
According to the Department of Health, at any one time one adult in six suffers from one form or other of mental illness (DoH, 1999a). The figures vary depending on how ‘mental illness’ is defined and the kinds of emotional distress that are included. A distinction has been made between mental ‘distress’ which affects daily living, ‘mental disorder’ which means an impairment of functioning which affects self or others, and ‘mental illness’ which conforms to a recognisable pattern and may be diagnosed as a discrete category of illness according to the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (APA, 2000).
Records in psychiatric services of ‘mental illness’ that include psychotic ...