A Short Introduction to Clinical Psychology gives an accessible overview of the field for psychology students and anyone considering training as a clinical psychologist. Setting out the theoretical and practical dimensions of clinical psychology, the authors examine its origins, knowledge base and applications with different client groups, in different contexts and through different modalities (individuals, groups, couples, families and organizations). They also highlight issues affecting everyday practice - from professional relationships to government policy. Drawing on the first-hand experiences of people who have recently qualified, the book describes the process of training and the transition that takes place from trainee to practitioner. Throughout, the book captures a sense of clinical psychology as a dynamic and changing field which has grown up fast alongside other more established professions involved in mental health care and which is continuing to evolve in response to contemporary needs. As an overview of the field, A Short Introduction to Clinical Psychology is an ideal text for undergraduate and post-graduate students in psychology and as initial reading for clinical psychology courses.
Chapter 6: Experts and Expertise
Experts and Expertise
Modern professions can be understood and depicted in a variety of ways. In the first two chapters we explored two of these by addressing the history of clinical psychology and its knowledge base. This chapter pursues a third method of understanding, focusing on professions as interest groups operating in a social system, which claim a unique mandate based upon specialist knowledge or expertise. This broad approach begins with a discussion of the sociology of the professions and, specifically for our purposes here, studies of health care systems and the role of clinical professions within them. After this we move into an examination of expertise from the perspectives of cognitive psychology and studies of organisational behaviour.
Clinical Psychology and Expertise
The contributions of ...