A History of Modern Criminal Justice focuses on the modern aspects of the subject, from 1900 to the present. A unique thematic rather than a chronological approach sets this book apart from the competition, with chapters organized around themes such as policing, courts, due process, and prison and punishment. Making connections between history and contemporary criminal justice systems, structures and processes, A History of Modern Criminal Justice offers students the latest in historical scholarship, made relevant to their needs as future practitioners in the field.
Chapter 9: The Politics of Law and Order, 1960s–2000s
The Politics of Law and Order, 1960s–2000s
Historians tend to focus on big moments of change. After all, change is more dramatic than continuity and change helps delineate one period from another. When historians of the future look back at major changes in U.S. life in the late twentieth century, it is likely that one central topic will be the massive expansion of the criminal justice system in an effort to get tough on crime.
The most obvious manifestation of the growth of the criminal justice apparatus is the startling growth of the U.S. prison population between 1970 and 2010, resulting in what could be called mass incarceration. While this growth slowed somewhat in the decade between 2000 and 2010, ...