A History of Modern Criminal Justice focuses on the modern aspects of the subject, from 1900 to the present. A unique thematic rather than a chronological approach sets this book apart from the competition, with chapters organized around themes such as policing, courts, due process, and prison and punishment. Making connections between history and contemporary criminal justice systems, structures and processes, A History of Modern Criminal Justice offers students the latest in historical scholarship, made relevant to their needs as future practitioners in the field.

Liberalism's Twin Revolutions, 1930s–1970s

Liberalism's twin revolutions, 1930s–1970s

The most fundamental questions about the criminal justice system include the following: What is its purpose? What are its goals? How best can these goals be achieved? Of course the criminal justice system seeks to protect society from crime, but how best can it do that? These issues underwent implicit but serious reevaluation in the middle of the twentieth century. Different sets of experts addressed these questions from two different angles. Both conceived of themselves as liberals—people who shared common broad beliefs in the importance of liberty and equality and in the ability of government to create positive change—but they had different professional orientations and concerns. As a result they championed very different outcomes.

First, from the 1930s to ...

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