A History of Modern Criminal Justice focuses on the modern aspects of the subject, from 1900 to the present. A unique thematic rather than a chronological approach sets this book apart from the competition, with chapters organized around themes such as policing, courts, due process, and prison and punishment. Making connections between history and contemporary criminal justice systems, structures and processes, A History of Modern Criminal Justice offers students the latest in historical scholarship, made relevant to their needs as future practitioners in the field.
Chapter 2: The Challenge of Policing, 1830s–1920s
The Challenge of Policing, 1830s–1920s
Why start a book about the history of modern criminal justice by focusing on police? Police were not the first criminal justice institutions created in the United States; courts, jails, and prisons preceded them. Police have become, however, the iconic symbol of the justice system, the rock stars of the law. They are on the front lines of the modern criminal justice system. They are the most visible justice agency in most Americans' everyday lives and the institutions through which people first encounter the criminal justice system.
The functions of police began to change dramatically between roughly 1900 and 1930 as police began to assume their modern roles. Early twentieth-century police understood their primary function as maintaining ...