Thoroughly revised, the Second Edition of A Guide to Qualitative Field Research provides novice researchers with comprehensive and accessible instructions for conducting qualitative field research. Using rich examples from classic ethnographies to help bring abstract principles alive, author Carol A. Bailey thoroughly explains the entire research process from selecting a topic to writing the final manuscript, and all of the steps in between!
New to the Second Edition:Offers Ten Techniques for Analyzing Data: Step-by-step instructions on how to use various techniques for analyzing data are provided that demystify what is often an overwhelming activity. There are three chapters devoted to ten techniques, including descriptions, typologies, taxonomies, visual representations, themes, story telling, critical events, and analytic induction.; Provides Increased Coverage of Ethics: Ethical issues in field research are examined, including the American Sociological Association's Code of Ethics in a new Chapter 2. This coverage illuminates that ethical concerns are always present and ethical dilemmas are not always easily resolved.; Includes New Discussions of Paradigms: More coverage of paradigms is given as well as their implications for the research enterprise, sampling, reflexivity, member checks, triangulation, and criteria for evaluating field research. This new edition has been significantly reorganized and expanded with a greater focus on the role of theory.
Clearly written, this accessible text is ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying qualitative methods and evaluation research across the social sciences.
Chapter 9: Coding, Memoing, and Descriptions
Coding, Memoing, and Descriptions
After prolonged interactions in the field, researchers focus their attention on the difficult process of analyzing the myriad information collected there. The multipronged process of analysis requires that the researcher make sense of the data: break it down, study its components, investigate its importance, and interpret its meanings. Despite the inherent value of analysis to field research, however, few concrete and easily understood instructions exist regarding how to gain analytical insight into the data one has collected. Indeed, some suggest that data analysis is more of an art than a technique. Even if that is the case, artists benefit from training. Thus, in this chapter I offer some general advice to the beginning field researcher, as well as ...