Thoroughly revised, the Second Edition of A Guide to Qualitative Field Research provides novice researchers with comprehensive and accessible instructions for conducting qualitative field research. Using rich examples from classic ethnographies to help bring abstract principles alive, author Carol A. Bailey thoroughly explains the entire research process from selecting a topic to writing the final manuscript, and all of the steps in between!
New to the Second Edition:Offers Ten Techniques for Analyzing Data: Step-by-step instructions on how to use various techniques for analyzing data are provided that demystify what is often an overwhelming activity. There are three chapters devoted to ten techniques, including descriptions, typologies, taxonomies, visual representations, themes, story telling, critical events, and analytic induction.; Provides Increased Coverage of Ethics: Ethical issues in field research are examined, including the American Sociological Association's Code of Ethics in a new Chapter 2. This coverage illuminates that ethical concerns are always present and ethical dilemmas are not always easily resolved.; Includes New Discussions of Paradigms: More coverage of paradigms is given as well as their implications for the research enterprise, sampling, reflexivity, member checks, triangulation, and criteria for evaluating field research. This new edition has been significantly reorganized and expanded with a greater focus on the role of theory.
Clearly written, this accessible text is ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying qualitative methods and evaluation research across the social sciences.
Chapter 6: Observations
Your paradigm has been decided, and you have theoretically grounded research questions. Field research is the tradition of inquiry you plan to use, and you have designed your methodology appropriately. At least preliminary access has been gained, and you have made a contact that might be able to help get you acclimated to the setting. Now is the time to immerse yourself in collecting data. The techniques used during data collection are called methods, the fourth component of the field research process. The method discussed in this chapter is observations.
Observing functions as a major form of data collection for field research. Whereas obtaining members' accounts about activities within a setting through interviews and interactions is fundamental to field research, so too is seeing ...