Thoroughly revised, the Second Edition of A Guide to Qualitative Field Research provides novice researchers with comprehensive and accessible instructions for conducting qualitative field research. Using rich examples from classic ethnographies to help bring abstract principles alive, author Carol A. Bailey thoroughly explains the entire research process from selecting a topic to writing the final manuscript, and all of the steps in between!
New to the Second Edition:Offers Ten Techniques for Analyzing Data: Step-by-step instructions on how to use various techniques for analyzing data are provided that demystify what is often an overwhelming activity. There are three chapters devoted to ten techniques, including descriptions, typologies, taxonomies, visual representations, themes, story telling, critical events, and analytic induction.; Provides Increased Coverage of Ethics: Ethical issues in field research are examined, including the American Sociological Association's Code of Ethics in a new Chapter 2. This coverage illuminates that ethical concerns are always present and ethical dilemmas are not always easily resolved.; Includes New Discussions of Paradigms: More coverage of paradigms is given as well as their implications for the research enterprise, sampling, reflexivity, member checks, triangulation, and criteria for evaluating field research. This new edition has been significantly reorganized and expanded with a greater focus on the role of theory.
Clearly written, this accessible text is ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying qualitative methods and evaluation research across the social sciences.
Chapter 5: Methodology
The fourth component of field research is methodology, a term that refers to the larger research design that one follows when engaging in research, rather than just the specific methods used for collecting data. Methodology includes such things as sampling, gaining entrée, resolving ethical concerns, and maintaining relationships in the field. The techniques used to collect the data, such as interviews and observations, fall under what I refer to as methods and are covered in later chapters.
Let's pretend that you are interested in studying high school science classes. You have access to four high schools, each with eight science classes. Even if you love science, observing all 32 classes is probably more than you want to undertake. You decide to conduct long-term observations in ...