Psychologists like to claim that Psychology is a science, yet, until now, the discipline has lacked any real scientific laws, has had no overarching scientific paradigm and has been blighted by poor replicability of research, all of which have dogged the discipline. Attempts to place Psychology under a single scientific umbrella, e.g. Behaviourism, Cognitivism, Biological Science, Social Science or Human Science, have all failed for a host of reasons. This unique book presents a single paradigm for all of Psychology within a framework of Natural Science. For example, it employs as a model an organising principle known in another scientific discipline for over a century, the principle of Homeostasis. Findings across the entire discipline including perception, learning, emotion, stress, addiction, well-being and consciousness are all shown to be consistent with a new paradigm based on this, and other principles drawn from natural science.
Chapter 2: Homeostasis, Balance, Stability
Homeostasis, Balance, Stability
The fixity of the milieu supposes a perfection of the organism such that the external variations are at each instant compensated for and equilibrated.… All of the vital mechanisms, however varied they may be, have always one goal, to maintain the uniformity of the conditions of life in the internal environment.… The stability of the internal environment is the condition for the free and independent life.
What is Homeostasis?
Sixty-one years after Claude Bernard (1865) wrote about the ‘internal milieu’, Walter B. Cannon (1926) coined the term ‘homeostasis’.1 Then, 16 years later, psychobiologist Curt Richter (1942) expanded homeostasis to include behavioural or ‘total organism regulators’ in the context of feeding.2 From this viewpoint, ‘external’ behaviours that are responses to environmental ...