Psychologists like to claim that Psychology is a science, yet, until now, the discipline has lacked any real scientific laws, has had no overarching scientific paradigm and has been blighted by poor replicability of research, all of which have dogged the discipline. Attempts to place Psychology under a single scientific umbrella, e.g. Behaviourism, Cognitivism, Biological Science, Social Science or Human Science, have all failed for a host of reasons. This unique book presents a single paradigm for all of Psychology within a framework of Natural Science. For example, it employs as a model an organising principle known in another scientific discipline for over a century, the principle of Homeostasis. Findings across the entire discipline including perception, learning, emotion, stress, addiction, well-being and consciousness are all shown to be consistent with a new paradigm based on this, and other principles drawn from natural science.
Chapter 10: Resilience, Happiness, Intervention
Resilience, Happiness, Intervention
Resilience: an ability to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune or change.
The philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre proclaimed that all of psychology can be explained with two simple words – childhood decides.1 Research finds this opinion to be largely correct.2 A US survey with a nationally representative sample of 9282 adults examined the joint associations of 12 retrospectively reported childhood adversities (CAs), aka early life stresses (ELS), with the first onset of DSM-IV disorders. The CAs studied were highly prevalent and intercorrelated. The CAs in a maladaptive cluster (parental mental illness, substance abuse disorder and criminality; family violence; physical abuse; sexual abuse; and neglect) [Page 114]were the strongest correlates of disorder onset. Analysis suggested that CAs are associated with 44.6% ...