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A Gender Atlas of India is a seminal body of work which comprehensively maps and grades India's performance from 2001 to 2016 on issues of concern for women. Taking into account 8 overall indicators and 28 sub-indicators, it looks at how India is performing on various aspects, including sex ratio, women's education, employment, health, political participation and representation; and prevention of crimes against women. Unlike previous attempts, this book examines the change in India's performance over a 15-year period, compares the situation of women in India to that in its neighborhood and internationally, and rates each Indian state and union territory individually. The findings in this book are both provocative and incentivizing for policymakers—they show that where the central and state governments share concerns India's ...

Women in Politics
Women in politics

Illustration 4.1 Political Participation and Representation
Illustration 4.1

Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union, April 2015.

Women in Politics
GradeC+ (Pass)

Women in India's Parliament: 12.4 percent1

World average of women in Parliament: 22.1 percent

Asia average of women in Parliament: 18.5 percent

Given that India's political parties were amongst the first in the world to extend the franchise to women, it is surprising that India has had and continues to have such low numbers of women in the legislature. Up until recently, women members constituted well below 10 percent of the total strength of Parliament; this low glass ceiling was broken in 2009 when women won 10.9 percent of the seats. In the 2014 election, this proportion went up to just over 12 percent: 66 women out of a ...

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