Weightlifting generally refers to the act of repeatedly lifting dumbbells, barbells, or kettlebells, or the use of resistance training machines to aid in the development of muscle mass and strength. It can also refer to several sports related to weightlifting, which include Olympic weightlifting, powerlifting, and bodybuilding.

Weightlifting as a recreational activity for women is generally tied to weight loss, weight control, and fitness. In the past, women have been discouraged from lifting weights because of social and cultural beliefs that physical activity was harmful to female physiology. In more recent times, cultural norms have discouraged women from performing strength training that includes heavier weights because of a misconception that lifting will contribute to excessive muscle mass or that lifting will make one become “manly.” Because ...

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