The Republic of Uganda has one of the world's fastest-growing populations. Women have civil and legal equality with men, but social and cultural expectations keep them largely in traditional roles. Rural women subject to customary laws have severely restricted rights, and women's lives in general are negatively affected by domestic violence, female genital mutilation, human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic, and poverty. Uganda ranked 40th of 134 countries in the World Economic Forum's 2009 Global Gender Gap Report.

Male dominance, the exchange of bride wealth, and polygyny are still common practices. On average, women marry in their early 20s. The 2009 fertility rate was 6.5 births per woman, and skilled healthcare practitioners attend 42 percent of births. The 2009 infant mortality rate ...

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