Tanzania, a sub-Saharan, east African country, has a total population of 41 million. Women make up roughly 52 percent of the population and have an average life expectancy of 53 years of age. The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic in Tanzania affects life expectancy and infant mortality, resulting in lower population growth.

Women account for 80 percent of the labor in rural areas and 60 percent of the food production, yet 60 percent of women live in poverty. Women farm small plots, sell produce, and provide the basic needs (food, clothing, and medical care) for their families. However, rural African women rarely have rights to their husband's income and are often expected to pay for incidentals (such as children's school fees and uniforms) on their ...

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