A small, landlocked kingdom in Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa, Swaziland has a population of 1.18 million. It is a developing economy, based on manufacturing, agriculture, and service industries. About 75 percent of the population lives on subsistence farming, and 60 percent makes less than $1.25 a day. Women head one-third of Swazi households. The population is 60 percent Christian, 30 percent indigenous religions, and 10 percent Muslim.

Swaziland's national adult human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence is more than 40 percent (nearly 50 percent among young women). Together with Botswana and Lesotho, Swaziland is intimately tied to South Africa's mining economy; these four countries show the highest HIV prevalence in the world. The National Emergency Response Council on human immunodeficiency virus and acquired ...

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