In 1983, the Institute of Woman (Instituto de la Mujer) was created to promote gender equality. There are many associations-public and private feminist associations, organizations and independent groups that constitute a rich feminist movement-working to improve the position of women in Spain and to combat discrimination in the country in the wake of its move into democracy in 1978.

Spain is home to 46 million people, 49.5 percent of whom are men and 50.5 percent are women. Life expectancy is 77.6 years for men and 84.1 years for women. Citizens age 85 and older are twice as likely to be women. Approximately 29 percent of households consist of two members, 24.6 percent are composed of four people, and 5.9 percent have more than five members. ...

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