Romania is an eastern European country and has been a member of the European Union since 2007. The nation has a population of 21.5 million. As of the late 1990s, more women than men were enrolled in universities, and the proportion of women in science, mathematics, and computing exceeded 50 percent.

The participation of women in male-dominated professions is increasing, but gender segregation of work and a 10 percent gender pay gap remains, according to the United Nations Development Fund for Women. The gender employment gap for Romanians aged 25–39 years is 1 percent. The social model for women is that they are expected to fulfill three roles—that of a mother, a wife, and a career woman. Consensual partnership and single motherhood also are relatively accepted ...

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