Cancer is a group of more than 100 related diseases named after the part of the body from which they originate. Reproductive cancers begin in the reproductive organs in both females and males. Female reproductive cancers, also known as gynecologic cancers, include two types of uterine cancer, ovarian, cervical, vaginal, vulvar, and fallopian tube cancers, and cancerous hydatidiform moles.

Reproductive cancer occurs when a cell's genetic material changes, becomes damaged, and is not controlled by the body's immune response, causing abnormal cell growth to proliferate and invade nearby tissue. If the cancer metastasizes, it then spreads to other parts of the body. Risk factors for reproductive cancers include family history, infection, exposure to ionizing radiation and certain chemicals, and hormones and lifestyle influences, as well as ...

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