Rape Prosecution Rates are often used to judge how well a particular justice system is combating the crime of rape by measuring how many rapists have been prosecuted. It is, however, important to distinguish among unreported claims of rape; reported claims of rape, which sometimes never go to trial; prosecution rates; and actual conviction rates. The vast majority of these rape cases are perpetrated by adult heterosexual males, and most victims or survivors are women.

Rape prosecution and conviction rates are very low worldwide; research from the United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Ghana, and Sweden has shown that the number of women reporting rape to the authorities is usually below 10 percent. Sometimes crimes go completely unreported, as in the Ghana National Survey. The number of ...

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