For optimal fetal growth and development and good maternal outcomes, a healthy balanced diet is of great importance before conceiving, as well as throughout the pregnancy. There are a number of key nutrients of importance in pregnancy and a number of food safety issues that need to be considered before and during pregnancy.

Prepregnancy and Nutrition

The nutritional status of the mother at the time of conception is an important determinant of fetal growth and development. Being a healthy weight before conception (body mass index [BMI], 18.5–24.9 kg/m 2) is of great importance, and being underweight (BMI, less than 18.5kg/m 2) or overweight (BMI, more than 25kg/m 2) can affect both fertility and birth outcome. There is now evidence to confirm that folic acid, found in many ...

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