Moldova, a nation located in eastern Europe, has one the highest population densities of the former Soviet republics, but low fertility and high emigration has led to recent population declines. The dominant ethnic group is Moldovan (Romanian) and the dominant religion is Eastern Orthodox. Moldovan women have legal equality and high educational attainment, but face traditional domestic roles and high rates of violence; they are negatively affected by the country's economic and political instability. Moldova was 36th of 134 countries in the World Economic Forum's 2009 Global Gender Gap Report.

The 2009 fertility rate was 1.4 births per woman. The infant mortality rate was 16 per 1,000 live births and the maternal mortality rate was 22 per 100,000 live births. Women receive 126 days of paid ...

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