Women in Mexico are a diverse group that has historically contributed significantly to the political, social, economic, and cultural life of the region. Mexico is a highly stratified society, and therefore, women's experiences vary according to class, race, and region. Thus, when considering the subject of women in Mexico, it is important to remember that there is no one unified category, but rather, multiple and changing experiences.

Prior to the arrival of the Europeans in the New World in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries, Mexico was ruled by the Mexica. These indigenous people, rulers of the Valley of Mexico, developed what is now known as the Aztec Empire. Women played a critical role within this civilization, which was based on agriculture, expansion, and ...

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