Kenya, a sub-Saharan, East African country, has a total population of 39 million. Women make up roughly 49 percent of the population, with an average life expectancy of 49 years. The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic affects life expectancy and infant mortality and lowers population growth. Women's equality is hindered by two key obstacles: poverty (50 percent of the Kenyan population lives below the poverty line) and traditionalism.

Women represent 75 percent of the agricultural workforce but make an average monthly income two-thirds less than men. Violence against women, including domestic violence between intimate partners, is a primary concern for many African-ethnic women. Traditional custom allows spousal discipline against women, and there is currently no law against spousal rape. There are also high rates of ...

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