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Japan

Shifting economic and social realities in the 21st century have presented Japanese women with opportunities as well as challenges as they try to balance various interests and concerns. They have attained some progress, especially in terms of their participation in electoral politics, while remaining confronted by views and practices that hinder their full participation in the government and business sectors. These obstacles include notions of elective office and managerial positions as the domain of men. To nurture women's interests, nongovernmental organizations equipped women for political and business careers. Women have also pursued other routes for reform, including grassroots political activism and have found other means of self-fulfillment outside of marriage and having children.

Mainstream Politics
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