The modern state of Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland or Éire, shares a border with Northern Ireland, whose six counties were partitioned in 1921. With a history of colonization and economic domination by Great Britain, Ireland was slow to industrialize and remained primarily an agrarian economy until the mid-20th century. Although currently experiencing a severe setback in its economic stability, Ireland has in recent decades been one of the fastest-growing economies in the world.

Neoliberal economic restructuring brought rapid industrialization and an influx of multinational corporations. The 1990s saw a period of unprecedented economic growth known as the “Celtic Tiger,” which has affected all aspects of Irish society and facilitated a vast improvement in people's quality of life, including employment and education opportunities ...

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