Although it is a state rich in oil and diamonds-Angola has one of the fastest growing economies in Africa and the world-reconstruction and conciliation are yet to be achieved after a long period of war (which ended in 2002). Poverty remains widespread, and Angolan women bear the burden of the struggle for survival in the countryside, where the majority of people are. Thus, live births are 6.75 children per woman (2009), infant mortality is 117 per 1,000 births (205 for children younger than 5 years of age; 2005-10), and life expectancy at birth is low (43.3 for girls, 40.1 for boys; 2005-10). Development and gender equality remain a challenge, and the literacy rate for adults is 54.2 percent for women and 82.9 percent for men ...

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